Placing a needle into the abdominal (belly) cavity to check for the presence of abnormal fluid.
Wounds that are not through all the layers of the skin.
An accumulation of pus.
Thickened, lichenified, seborrheic and greasy lesions which begin as small brown patches in the axilla and progresses to involve the hindlegs, chest and flanks. Most frequently seen in Dachshunds, also in Setters, Lhaso apsos, and others.
Infestation with mites.
Humans are not part of the life cycle, they accidentally entered into that organisms life cycle and got the disease. Examples: ringworm, rabies.
Lesions seen most often on the chin. Acne may be a manifestation of a keratinization disorder, a primary bacterial infection, dermatophytosis, secondary to allergic skin disease, demodicosis, Malassezia dermatitis, or secondary to systemic disorders.
A defect that happens after being born (contrasted to congenital).
acral lick dermatitis
Lesions caused by chronic licking.
The sudden onset of signs of disease.
acute renal failure Abrev: ARF
An acute suppression of renal function. The most common causes of ARF are renal ischemia and nephrotoxicity.
When structures that are not normally bound together become stuck to one another.
A gland located close to the kidneys that produces several hormones including cortisol.
Also known as epinephrine. A hormone that stimulates the heart and increases blood pressure.
Bacteria that grow only when oxygen is present.
An abnormal clumping of red blood cells. Often seen in patients with immune-mediated anemia.
Another term for the gut or intestinal tract. The alimentary tract runs from the mouth, through the esophagus to the stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus.
allergic contact dermatitis Abrev: ACD
Dermatitis caused by caustic or irritating substances. No prior sensitization is required.
Loss of hair.
Microscopic sac-like structures within the lung. The airways terminate in these sac-like structures. When blood in the lung contacts the alveoli, the blood takes up oxygen and empties waste gases that will be removed during breathing.
A bacteria that grows only when oxygen is not present.
The phase of the hair cycle during with the hair is synthesized.
Refers to the absence of pain in the presence of stimuli that would be expected to be painful. In clinical practice we use the term analgesia to mean a reduction in pain
A drug given to reduce pain.
A severe hypersensitivity reaction often resulting in bronchoconstriction and hypotension.
Hookworm dermatitis.The etiological agents are migrating 3rd stage larvae of Ancylostoma canium or Uncinaria stenocephala.
A low red blood cell count.
Loss of sensation induced by a drug. This can be loss of sensation in a body part which is called local anesthesia or loss of consciousness with general anesthesia.
Pupils that are unequal in size. The problem may be caused by diseases of the eye or the nerves to the eyes.
Medications given to remove or kill worms. Also called wormers.
Drugs that kill bacteria, but not viruses.
A protein produced by the immune system to protect the body from disease caused by infectious agents (bacteria, viruses).
Drugs that reduce the ability of the blood to clot. Also called blood thinners.
Drugs administered to reduce seizures.
Drugs administered to reduce vomiting.
A drug used in the treatment of a disease caused by a fungus.
A foreign protein that stimulates the body’s immune system to produce antibodies.
Drugs that suppress a fever.
A mild disinfectant used on living tissues, to prevent sepsis (infection).
An abnormal heart rhythm.
Blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the organs and tissues. Arteries contain more oxygen and nutrients than veins and are under higher pressure.
Inflammation of the joints.
The accumulation of fluid in the abdominal (peritoneal)(belly) cavity.
The inorganic mineral elements of animals and plants.
Inhaling foreign debris.
Incoordination or abnormal gait.
Allergic inhalant dermatitis or atopic dermatitis. Allergens are true antigens which are usually inhaled or penetrate the skin as complete allergens or haptens. Allergens may also be ingested or injected.
The heart has 4 chambers; the two chambers that make up the top of the heart are the atria.
Producing an immune response against normal or altered body components.
The increase of waste products in the bloodstream due to kidney failure.
A substance that kills bacteria.
Not malignant. Sometimes taken to mean noncancerous although some cancers are called benign if they do not spread to other parts of the body.
Substances produces by the liver and secreted in the bile that aid digestion.
A substance produced when old red blood cells are destroyed in the body. Abnormal amounts of bilirubin cause jaundice and are caused by breakdown of large numbers of red blood cells or by disease of the liver or gall bladder.
Obtaining a piece of tissue for analysis using a specialized needle or a scalpel balde.
The rapid administration of a fluid or drug over a short time period.
An abnormally slow heart rate.
bronchi and bronchiole
Small tubular structures that lead from the trachea to the microscopic sac-like structures, alveoli, in the lungs.
Enlarged eye caused by glaucoma.
Multiple cutaneous abscesses that are connected by sinuses.
A type of cancer originating from epithelial cells. Example squamous cell carcinoma originates from cells of the skin and mouth, transitional cell carcinoma originates from the cells of the bladder.
A synonym for heart.
A disease of the heart muscle. Weak heart muscle cannot pump blood normally.
The organ system that includes the heart and blood vessels.
Abnormal cloudiness of the lens of the eye.
Toward the tail or rear of the animal.
A smaller portion of the brain responsible for balance.
The major portion of the brain.
Waxy secretion of the apocrine glands of the ear.
Common name for Trombiculidiasis.
A disease or condition that has been present for several weeks or longer.
chronic renal disease Abrev: CRD
Irreversible renal disease caused by damage to a large part of both kidneys. Two thirds of both kidneys must be damaged before the animal loses the ability to concentrate and dilute urine.
Scar tissue in the liver. Severe cirrhosis causes liver failure.
The progeny of a single cell.
Intense abdominal pain.
Inflammation of the large intestine (colon).
Part of the large intestine.
The accumulated secretions of the mammary gland over the last few weeks of pregnancy. It is rich in IgG (65-90%) with variable levels of IgA and IgM. Form of passively acquired immunity (short-lived).
Parasitic state in which the parasite lives with the animal without causing disease.
complete blood count Abrev: CBC
A blood test in which the number of red and white blood cells and platelets are counted.
A defect that is present at birth. The defect may either be inherited or be caused by something during gestation.
Inflammation of the pink tissues (conjunctiva) surrounding the eye.
Inflammation of the skinfrom contact with an irritant.
An infection capable of spread amongst animals by direct contact, e.g. Pasteurella spp. in nasal droplets
Refers to the head or in a direction toward the front of the animal. For example the chest is more cranial than the abdomen. The opposite term is caudal meaning closer to the rear of the animal.
Dried exudaet on the skin surface.
Evaluating a sample of fluid or tissue for bacterial growth.
Skin lesions caused by deposition and subsequent activation of soluble immune complexes along the basement membrane of blood vessels.
A fluid-filled structure.
Inflammation of the bladder.
The larval stage of a tapeworm encysted in muscle.
The microscopic evaluation of cells removed from an organ or tissue.
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Inflammation of the lacrimal sac (part of the eye) usually as a result of infection.
To clean out dead or dying tissue from a wound.
Pressure sores, usually seen over bony prominances.
Loss of fluid from the bloodstream and tissues.
Inflammation of the skin.
Ringworm. Dermatophytes live and grow only on non-viable keratinized tissue (skin, hair, nails). They will not grow in living cells.
The dermal layer of the skin that contains blood vessels, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, erector pili muscles, and apocrine sweat glands.
A piece of skin growing on the cornea.
A clear membrane forming the inner boundary of the cornea.
Very deep ulcers right down to decemets membrane.
Another term for sugar.
Also known as sugar diabetes. An insufficient amount of insulin is produced by the pancreas resulting in a high blood sugar level.
An organ system that absorbs and digests food. The digestive system includes the esophagus, stomach, intestine, liver and pancreas.
A germicidal chemical that destroys microorganisms and the potential infectivity of a material.
Drugs that increase the amount of urine produced.
The portion of the intestine directly attached to the stomach.
Difficulty eating and swallowing.
Agitation or restlessness.
Low blood calcium occuring in female dogs and cats at the end of gestation, or more commonly during early lactation. Small breed dogs are more commonly affected. Low calcium causes signs of muscle tetany.
They live outside of the body. Many of the arthropod parasites are ectoparasites; they land on your skin and cause an infestation.
In an abnormal location.
The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the interstitial tissue spaces of the body. Edema fluid may accumulate in the subcutaneous tissues, peritoneal cavity (ascites), pleural cavity (hydrothorax) or pericardial sac (hydropericardium).
A large plastic collar that is placed over the head of a dog or cat. It has a cone shape and is used to keep them from licking or chewing on themselves.
A synonym for vomiting.
Inflammation of the brain.
They live within the animal.
Passing an instrument into a cavity to see the insides.
Delivery of drugs or nutrients to the intestinal tract by deposition in the mouth, stomach or jejunum.
Removing the eye from the orbit: leaves most of the orbital contents behind.
A substance that makes a chemical process faster. For example digestive enzymes break down food to hasten the process of digestion.
The study of disease progression.
The top layer of skin above the dermis.
Cells that line the surface of an organ.
A muscular tube leading from the mouth to the stomach.
A stage in the reproductive cycle of the female dog and cat, also known as heat.
Superficial loss of the epidermis caused by physical damage such as scratching.
Bulging of the eye. May be due to a space-occupying lesion that pushes the eye forward or may be a specific breed attribute (e.g. Pekingnese dogs).
Exposure does not equal poisoning, it is the dose. If you smell ammonia you have been exposed but you have not been poisoned with ammonia gas.
Outside of the head.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Abrev: FIV
A virus that chronically suppresses the immune system of cats resulting in secondary infectons.
Capable of conceiving and bearing offspring.
Refers to a puppy or kitten before birth.
Splitting of the skin surface.
A type of radiograph (x-ray) in which motion can be seen.
Feline lower urinary tract disease. A collection of signs in cats resulting in blood in the urine, straining to urinate, and urinating in abnormal locations. The older term is feline urologic syndrome (FUS).
Break in a bone.
A painful, nodular adcess in the skin.
Feline urologic syndrome. A collection of signs in cats resulting in blood in the urine, straining to urinate, and urinating in abnormal locations. The more current term is feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD).
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The appearance of the animal as it is moving.
Another term for stomach.
The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes.
Microscopic organisms that can cause disease. May include bacteria and viruses.
The duration of pregnancy.
Inflammation and swelling of the gums surrounding the teeth. The gingiva are normally pink and become red when inflamed.
Increased fluid accumulation in the eye causing increased pressure, pain and leading to blindness if untreated.
A focal inflammatory reaction.
Crusty, dry footpads that may occur as a consequence of canine distemper infection.
Estrus. Period of fertility when the female is receptive to the male.
A cancer of blood vessels. This cancer usually occurs in the spleen, skin or sometimes the heart.
The accumulation of blood under the skin.
Red blood cells in the urine.
The substance contained in red blood cells that carries oxygen to parts of the body.
The breakdown of red blood cells.
A synonym for liver.
Inflammation of the liver.
The abnormal protrusion of part of an organ or tissue through the structures that normally contain it. Also called a rupture.
Disease transmission from one animal to another.
The abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain. The fluid causes an increase in the pressure inside the brain and death of some brain cells.
This prefix is used in conjunction with many terms and means an increase, for example, hyperthermia means an increase in temperature.
Unexpected increased pain intensity from a stimulus. Excessive sensitivity to pain.
Elevation of blood calcium.
Elevated blood chloride.
Increased sensitivity to stimulation. Is most commonly seen with peripheral nerve diseases, such as, tumors and polyradiculoneuritis.
Elevated blood glucose.
Increased thickness of the horny layer of the epidermis.
Elevated blood magnesium.
Elevated blood sodium.
Elevated blood sodium. Hypernatremia is uncommon in dogs and cats and most often is iatrogenic from the repetitive administration of high sodium containing solutions. Animals who have severe hypernatremia in excess of 170 meq/L show nervous system signs of depression progressing to coma.
Elevated blood pressure.
Increased production of thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism occurs commonly in geriatric cats but is rare in dogs.
A thickening or an enlargement of an organ.
Fast breathing. Also called hyperpnea.
This prefix is used in conjunction with many terms and means a decrease, for example, hypothermia means a decrease in temperature.
Low blood calcium.
A synonym for subcutaneous.
Abnormally low blood glucose.
Low blood magnesium.
Low blood sodium. The most common cause is Addison's disease or iatrogenic from the administration of electrolyte free solution, such as 5% dextrose.
Smaller or softer than normal due to loss of normal tissue.
Low blood pressure.
A part of the brain. some hormones associated with reproduction are produced or stored in the hypothalamus.
Low function of the thyroid gland.
Decreased intraocular pressure.
Reduced circulating blood volume either due to blood or fluid loss or to redistribution of blood flow as occurs during shock.
Disease that was caused while trying to diagnose or treat another condition. For example, if a complication such as excessive bleeding arises during a biopsy procedure, the complication is iatrogenic.
A synonym for jaundice, a yellow discoloration.
Inflammation of the iris
Administration of vaccines to confer protection against infectious agents.
Any failure of the immune response usually becomes apparent through increased susceptibility to infection and disease.
A wound made by something sharp like glass fragments or a scalpel blade, that penetrates all layers of the skin.
The front teeth.
The inability to hold urine in the bladder. The animal leaks urine either while awake or asleep.
A mode of disease transmission where the environment is somehow part of the transmission cycle; i.e. contaminated water in a water trough spreads the disease.
Multiplication of organisms such as bacteria in the body usually leading to disease.
The agents that cause disease. They may be bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.
Inability to conceive and bear offspring.
Swelling, redness, heat and pain of a body part.
Affecting the force of muscle contractions. For example a positive inotropic drug increases the force of contration.
A hormone produced by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels.
Bacterial infections between the toes.
A host where maturation of the parasite or asexual reproduction takes place, in other words, reproduction where there is division and amplification of the parasite, but there is no sex involved.
Parasites that reside with in the hosts cells.
Inside of the head.
IV. Giving a drug or other substance into a vein for a rapid effect.
The iris forms a diaphragm in front of the lens with a central sphincter-type opening called the pupil. It functions to regulate the amount of light entering the posterior segment of the eye.
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Yellow discoloration due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of bilirubin. Jaundice is seen in non-haired parts of the body; white parts of the eyes, inside the mouth and ears and on the belly. Also called icterus.
The longest part of the small intestinal tract.
A large vein on the bottom surface of the neck that may be used to collect blood samples or to place catheters.
An inflammatory disease of young (less than 4 months) puppies, characterized by inflammation and severe edema of the face, muzzle, periocular skin, and ears.
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Dry eye.
Clusters of inflammatory cells on the back (endothelial surface) of the cornea.
Cutaneous disorders characterized by scaling.
Inflammation of the clear part of the eye, the cornea.
Removal of part of the thickness of the cornea.
ketoacidosis Abrev: DKA
A form of diabetes mellitus in which the pet has increased amounts of acids in the blood and is very sick.
The voicebox. The larynx closes during swallowing to keep food out of the airways.
A virus which remains hidden and does not cause disease but which may reactivate and cause clinical signs of disease at a later time.
Structure in the eye which functions to transmit and focus incoming light rays directly on the retina; this is facilitated by accommodation - the subtle change in lens shape brought about by contraction and relaxation of the ciliary body; the accommodative ability of the lens is limited in domestic species.
Malaise or inactivity.
High white blood cell count.
Low white blood cell count.
Thickening of the skin.
A group of brain structures which exert an important influence on the endocrine and autonomic motor system's and which influence (emotion) mood states.
A cancer of the lymph glands.
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A cancer that has high possibility for spread.
Inflammation of the mammary gland caused by a bacterial agent.
Inflammation of the meninges.
Infection of the uterus. If the infection follows birthing, it is a postpartum metritis
A small eye that has failed to develop properly.
A synonym for urination.
modified live virus Abrev: MLV
A vaccine which contains an antigenic agent that has been altered chemically of physically so it stimulates cell-mediated and humoral response without evoking disease. The altered virus can still replicate in the host.
A discharge that is a combination of pus and mucus.
The pink lining of an organ, such as the lining of the nose, mouth, vagina, penis.
Smooth muscle in the eyelids which provides tone to the lids. Innervated by sympathetic fibers.
A vaccine containing multiple antigens.
An abnormal heart sound caused by abnormal blood flow.
A relationship where both participants or parties benefit.
Feline leprosy caused by Mycobacterium lepraemurium.
A toxin that is produced by a mold.
Inflammation or infection of the spinal cord.
A suppression of the bone marrow so that it does not produce normal numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Inflammation of muscle.
Death of tissue.
Refers to a young puppy or kitten shortly after birth.
Another term for cancer.
A lump or cancer. The word means "new growth".
A drug or chemical that causes damage to the cells of the kidneys.
The third eyelid which is a fold of tissue covered by conjunctiva and containing a lacrimal gland on the inner (bulbar) surface.
Peripheral receptors for pain which sense painful stimuli and transmit signals to the central nervous system where the sensation of pain is perceived.
A circumscribed, solid, raised lesion that involves the deeper layesr of the skin.
Rabies in mammals that do not walk on the ground: bats.
A disease that cannot be spread between animals by direct contact.
An infection contracted in the hospital.
Products prepared from infected tissues, infected discharges, or a pathogenic organism, which are processed and administered orally in attempt to "vaccinate" against an infectious agent.
An environment with no germs whatsoever.
A stimulus that is potentially or actually damaging to tissue. A stimulus that is of adequate intensity to trigger a nociceptive reaction in an animal (the feeling of pain).
Parasite that generally will cause disease
A small volume of urine produced.
The study of cancer.
Fungal infection of the nailbed.
Parasites that are usually harmless in their normal habitat, but can cause disease when they gain access to other body sites
Inflammation of the optic nerve; can be unilateral or bilateral
An infectious disease of bone that is often of bacterial origin.
Inflammation of the external ear canal
The spinous ear tick may induce otitis in dogs and occasionally cats.
The part of the female reproductive tract that produces eggs (ova) and female hormones.
ovine progressive pneumonia Abrev: OPP
A chronic inflammatory disease of the lung leading to eventual suffocation.
The process of releasing eggs (ova) from the ovary.
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Palliative treatment is given to patients with untreatable diseases in order to make them more comfortable. Includes a combination of supportive and symptomatic treatments.
To examine something by touching and feeling it.
Inflammation of subcutanious fat. Several proposed causes and is sterile in some breeds such as the Dachshund.
A small solid elevation of the skin. Larger lesions are called nodules or tumors and if flat, a plaque.
Abnormal process of cornification.
Abnormal function of nerves resulting in an inability to walk.
Denotes organisms which survive and persist on or within another living organism. The parasite usually does not harm the animal. The most successful parasites achieve a balance whereby both the parasite and host animal survive. Among the parasites found on or within animals are bacteria, protozoans, fungi, mycoplasmas, rickettsia, and viruses.
Inflammation of the nail fold.
The sudden onset of a symptom that reoccurs. For example paroxysmal seizures begin suddenly and occur more than once.
The process of giving birth.
Organism that generally will cause disease
Infestation with lice.
Rhabditic dermatitis. Larvae of the free living nematode, Pelodera strongyloides which penetrate the skin of animals.
A very thin tissue surrounding the heart. Abnormal fluid can accumulate between the heart and the pericardial membrane causing pericardial effusion.
The abdominal or belly cavity.
A measure of acidity or alkalinity. Values range from 0 (most acidic) to 14 (most alkaline or basic). A pH value of 7.0 is neutral (neither acidic or alkaline).
Back of the mouth. Throat.
The accumulation of pigment in the cornea in response to inflammation.
Skin lesions on the ears.
A small gland located in the brain. Several hormones are produced in this gland.
The fluid component of anticoagulated whole blood.
plasma cell pododermatis
Swelling and ulceration of the foot pads. Seen most frequently in cats.
Small pieces of cells in the blood stream that help an animal stop bleeding when it has been injured.
Inflammation of the lung.
The abnormal accumulation of air in the chest cavity outside the lungs.
Whitening of the hair.
Frequent passage of small amounts of urine. Pollakiuria is indicative of diseases of the lower urinary tract and genital tract.
Means several or too much such as polydactyly means having too many toes.
Inflammatory joint disease that involves multiple joints.
polycystic kidney disease Abrev: PKD
A disease in which kidney tissue is replaced by multiple cystic stuctures. There is an inherited form of polycystic kidney disease in Persian cats.
Drinking large amounts of water.
Inflammation of several muscles at one time.
polyuria Abrev: PU
Increased volume of urine.
After parturition. After giving birth.
The period of time immediately after eating.
The administration of analgesic drugs before the onset of a painful stimulus, administered to reduce the perception of pain.
Born too early.
An increase in nitrogen containing waste products in the blood caused by reduced renal blood flow as a consequence of hypovolemia or dehydration. Untreated prerenal azotemia can progress to intrinsic renal disease.
Suturing the raw edges of the wound together.
Infectious protein. Scrapie in sheep, Creutzfeldt Jakob disease in humans, and Bovine Spongifor Encephalopathy in cattle (Mad Cow Disease)are all caused by prions.
Antiarrhythmic used in treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. (Modified: 5/19/2003)
Proestrus is the beginning of the bitch’s ‘season’. The owner notices spotting or bleeding from the bitch’s vagina. The stage of the estrous cycle of the bitch during which she attracts males but will not allow the male to breed her.
The abnormal position of an organ in which the organ pouches through an opening from which it does not normally protrude.
Naturally-occurring compounds containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and sometimes sulfur or phosphorus. Proteins are made up of complex combinations of amino acids and are essential for animal growth, production and reproduction.
When the female starts to have some reproductive activity
A small pus filled raised lesion.
A bacterial infection of the kidneys.
Skin infection with bacteria. Pyodermas involve coagulase positive bacteria, most commonly Staphylococcus intermedius.
Infection of the uterus.
Pyometra is infection of the uterus that occurs during diestrus, 3-6 weeks after ovulation. It is commonly seen in bitches older than 5 years. Pyometra is also referred to as cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH) which is the term descriptive of the morphological changes occurring in the uterus. Hormones, primarily progesterone which is secreted from the corpus lutei (CLs) of the ovaries during diestrus stimulate CEH.
Elevated temperature, fever.
White blood cells in the urine.
A female cat. When used as a verb, "to queen" describes a cat giving birth.
Where a disease causing organism lives and multiplies. Therefore the reservoir may not be the source of the organism, that is only where it lives and multiplies.
The most common route of human exposure in countries where infection is controlled in animals and where there is pasteurization of milk.
route of administration
The way a drug is administered to an animal; i.e. orally, intramuscularly, intravenously.
route of infection
The manner by which an infectious agent gains access to the animal.
Cancer originating from fibrous tissues.
The white part of the eye beneath the upper eyelid. The sclera normally has small blood vessels running across the surface.
The discharge of more fluid than normal fecal matter from the bowel; often more frequently than normal.
Increased scaling of the skin with or without increased sebum production.
Metabolic seborrhea. Scaling caused by endocrine disorders, aberrations in lipid availability, nutritional imbalances.
Scaling due to allergies, ectoparasite infestation, mycotic infections, immune-mediated disease.
Formed of diester waxes, cholesterol and free fatty acids in sebaceous glands, which empty into the hair follicle or onto the skin.
Do not suture the wound and let the tissue granulate in.
Another term for convulsions.
The presence of infectious organisms in the blood.
A bacterial infection in a joint causing inflammation.
The fluid component of blood after the blood has clotted.
The clear part of blood that remains after blood is allowed to clot. Very similar to plasma except that plasma is the fluid part of blood when blood is separated into cells and fluid before the blood clots.
The breeding male, also called a stud.
Skin elasticity. Skin turgor is used to assess hydration.
Relating to the wall of the body as distinguished from the viscera.
Treatment that will eliminate or modify the primary cause of a disease process. For example, surgical removal of a tumor.
An organ in the abdomen that stores cells. The spleen can be removed if it is diseased.
A narrowing of a tubular structure. For example the intestine may stricture interfering with movement of food through the intestine.
Inflammation of the mouth including the gums and tongue.
Straining to urinate.
Worming during the times of year that infection is most likely to occur.
Streaks in the cornea caused by the cornea stretching from increased pressure.
Similar to stenosis. Narrowing of a tubular structure.
Thickest layer of the cornea.
The breeding male also called a sire.
subcutaneous Abrev: SC or SQ
Giving a drug, fluid or vaccine under the skin.
A vaccine that use parts of a pathogen rather than the whole organism.
Feed or feed mixtures rich in one or more of protein, energy, vitamins, minerals or antibiotics. Combined with other feeds to produce a more complete feed.
Parasitic state in which the parasite and animal survive in a beneficial relationship
Adherence of the conjunctiva to the cornea.
symptomatic treatment eliminates or suppresses clinical signs without affecting or knowing the underlying cause of the sign. For example antiemetics to suppress vomiting.
Body-wide process (e.g. systemic infection).
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An abnormally rapid heart rate.
The resting phase of the hair cycle before it is shed.
Rabies in terrestrial mammals, mammals that walk on the ground like a skunk or raccoon.
Same as testes. An organ that produces sperm.
Another term for chest.
Low platelet count.
A blood clot which forms in a blood vessel, then breaks loose into circulation and may lodge and obstruct other blood vessels.
Inflammation of a vein associated with thrombus formation. The thrombus may break loose as a thromboembolis and then plug other blood vessels.
The formation of blood clots in blood vessels.
Capacity of parasite to produce toxins (endotoxins or exotoxins). Be cautious about differentiating this from a toxic substance, such as lead poisoning from old batteries, or toxic plants.
Poisons either from the environment or wastes accumulating in the blood due to organ failure. E.G. uremic wastes are those toxins that accumulate in the blood when the kidneys fail.
A synonym for the windpipe.
Capacity of parasite to spread between animals – e.g. Salmonella dublin is regard as highly contagious between heifers and calves via feces.
Transplacental means crossing the placenta. The placenta is the in-utero connection between the mother and the fetus. Transplacental means something (a drug, antibodies, an infectious agent, etc.) crosses from the mother to the fetus before birth. This can be good in the case of antibodies that protect the newborn from disease early in life or bad if it is an infectious agent that transfers from mother to baby.
Normal hair from around the eyes is directed towards the eye, causing irritation.
A swelling of any structure but not always neoplastic.
Loss of continuity of the epidermis. Often slow to heal.
A small tubular structure leading from the kidney to the bladder. There are 2 ureters, one from each kidney.
The tubular structure that transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside and in the male, carries semen to the outside.
Hives, an eruption of wheals.
The female organ in which the fetus develops. Composed of a body and 2 horns.
Inflammation of the uvea.
Relating to blood vessels, both arteries and veins.
Inflammation of the endothelial lining of a blood vessel.
A carrier, in the case of recombinant vaccines, a "safe" virus used to introduce immunogenic DNA into the host animal during vaccination.
The heart has 4 chambers; the two chambers that make up the bottom of the heart are the ventricles. Fluid filled spaces in the brain are also called ventricles.
Pneumonia caused by worms.
Infection that is spread from parent to offspring.
Ways an infection is spread from a parent to its offspring.
A small sac containing fluid
Pertaining to balance. The inner ear and the cerebellum of the brain are responsible for maintaining balance.
An absorbable suture which breaks down in about 2 weeks.
The ability of an organism to cause disease
A general term for the abdominal organs which are also called viscera.
Clear, jellylike substance filling the vitreous chamber, the most posterior cavity in the eye, comprising two-thirds of the volume of the eye. Maintains the shape of the globe.
The opening into the female genital tract from the outside of the animal.
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A circumscribed raised lesion of edemma of the dermas. A large number of wheals is urticaria.
white muscle disease
Another name for a selenium deficiency.
A single cell fungi which improves feed digestion by stimulating microbial activity and stabilizing digestive tract pH. Products packaged as "yeast" consist of cells only; "yeast culture" includes live yeast cells plus growth media.
Etiologic agent of plague.
Infectious diseases naturally transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans. Some of these diseases can be harbored in a vertebrate animal but there might be a vector involved in transmission, so that is still a zoonotic disease because it is harbored in a vertebrate animal. Additionally the disease may be food or water borne, so you don't need to have direct contact with an animal to acquire a zoonotic disease.